Antique, Circa 1870s, Porzellanfabrik Unger, Schneider & Cie Bisque Bust/Statuette, Quite Possibly the Goddess Diana


This Porzellanfabrik Unger, Schneider & Cie bisque statuette is approximately 3 ¾" in height. The base is 1 ⅞" across. It is circa 1875-1879 and is marked with a G with two double-headed arrows. There is an area shown in the first photo to the left of her right eyebrow. It appears to be part of the mold and not a chip.

This statuette looks to be modeled in the Classical Roman style with the woman wearing a tutulus hairstyle, a style that a married woman would have worn. Quite possibly, this is a depiction of the goddess Diana whose Greek equivalent is Artemis.

Thank you to for the following information on the company and its mark:

Based on a ducal concession, the businessman Carl Schneider (who had worked at the Wallendorf factory for some time) together with modelling artist Karl Unger and businessman Hermann Hutschenreuther founded their business in 1859. As Hutschenreuther was a sleeping partner, his name does not appear in the company name until 1885.

At first the company only produced tableware, miniature sets for children and a few kitchen utensils, mostly decorated in the cobalt blue 'Zwiebel-' and 'Strohblumenmuster' styles which sometimes included gilding. But unlike many other facilities they did not simply copy existing designs but rather used their own creativity and started with export fairly early, which was soon rewarded as the first international award was received 1875 at the Exposición Internacional de Chile (Santiago World Fair).

The success also showed a problem as the first marks that had been used looked similar to the marks used earlier by the factory in Gießhübel. This lead to the introduction of the first mark that actually was used continuously, the impressed and uncrowned 'G' mark with the double-headed arrow which was used from 1875 onwards. Following the increasing popularity due to further awards during the Exposition Universelle (Paris World Fair) in 1878 it was decided to have the mark officially registered. The registration was filed on March 3rd 1879 at the Herzogliches Landgericht Gräfenthal (Ducal District Court) and the first items showing the mark carrying the 'Dep.' addition were seen at the World Fair 1879 in Sydney, where the company yet again received an award for their products.
In 1882 Karl Unger together with his friend and new partner Bernhard Schilde started their own business by taking over an existing factory which later became well known on its own, the ⇒Porzellanfabrik Unger & Schilde in Roschütz. It should be mentioned that Unger remained partner in Gräfenthal until Carl Schneider died in 1885.

Thank you for looking.


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